I am using Ubuntu (Hardy Heron) as my primary desktop OS, and I wanted to install some tools for doing development work. At the same time, I thought I might run through the steps and post them for anyone else that might be looking to do the same thing. I’ll walk you through what I am doing, it’s your typical Linux Apache MySQL PHP (LAMP) stack.
First off, you can use sudo to run these install commands as your own local user, by putting sudo before each command, but I find it easier and more concise to simply use sudo to become root and install that way. I will write this article from that perspective, so if you don’t want to do this as root, simply put sudo before each command here.
You can become root by using this command from a terminal session:
sudo su -
Now that we are root, let us install MySQL which will be our database server:
apt-get install mysql-server
Next, let’s install Apache for our web server:
apt-get install apache2
In my case, I am developing in PHP, so we need to install PHP for Apache:
apt-get install php5 libapache2-mod-php5
Last but not least, if you want a nice database manager, get phpMyAdmin:
apt-get install phpmyadmin
If this is not a box that you have KVM (Keyboard, Video, Mouse) access to, and you will be connecting remotely, you will need to install the OpenSSH server so you can ssh into the server. Do this like so:
apt-get install openssh-server
Once installed, you should be able to log into the server with your user account. Please note that by default, you cannot log in as root via ssh. There you have it, now start writing some cool code!